DIEPPE - OPERATION JUBILEE

DIEPPE - OPERATION JUBILEE
19 AOUT / AUGUST 1942

 

 

 

 

 

Le débarquement de Dieppe ou opération Jubilee fut une tentative de débarquement des Alliés  en France occupée, menée le sur le port de Dieppe . Cette opération laisse un goût amer aux Canadiens , car le quart de leurs troupes engagées y périt.

Dans l'aube brumeuse d'un jour d'août 1942 , une armada de 250 navires de toutes tailles se dirige vers les côtes françaises  de la Manche . Elle mobilise près de 8 000 hommes dont plus de 2 000 y laisseront leur vie, pour ce qui sera le plus grand raid de la Seconde Guerre mondiale . 74 escadrilles  de chasseurs  et de bombardiers  en assureront la couverture aérienne.

Pour la première fois dans la Seconde Guerre mondiale, des hommes se ruent à l'assaut de ce que les nazis  appellent Festung Europa, la « Forteresse Europe. »

The Dieppe Raid, also known as the Battle of Dieppe, Operation Rutter and, later, Operation Jubilee, was a Second World War Allied attack on the German-occupied port of Dieppe. The raid took place on the northern coast of France on 19 August 1942. The assault began at 5:00 a.m. and by 10:50 a.m. the Allied commanders were forced to call a retreat. Over 6,000 infantrymen, predominantly Canadian, were supported by a Canadian Armoured regiment and a strong force of Royal Navy and smaller Royal Air Force landing contingents. It involved 5,000 Canadians, 1,000 British troops, and 50 United States Rangers.

Objectives included seizing and holding a major port for a short period, both to prove that it was possible and to gather intelligence. Upon retreat, the Allies also wanted to destroy coastal defences, port structures and all strategic buildings. The raid had the added objectives of boosting morale and demonstrating the firm commitment of the United Kingdom to open a western front in Europe.

Virtually none of these objectives were met. Allied fire support was grossly inadequate and the raiding force was largely trapped on the beach by obstacles and German fire. After less than 10 hours since the first landings, the last Allied troops had all been either killed, evacuated, or left behind to be captured by the Germans. Instead of a demonstration of resolve, the bloody fiasco showed the world that the Allies could not hope to invade France for a long time. Some intelligence successes were achieved, including electronic intelligence.

A total of 3,623 of the 6,086 men (almost 60%) who made it ashore were either killed, wounded, or captured.[4] The Royal Air Force failed to lure the Luftwaffe into open battle, and lost 96 aircraft (at least 32 to flak or accidents), compared to 48 lost by the Luftwaffe.[5] The Royal Navy lost 33 landing craft and one destroyer. The events at Dieppe influenced preparations for the North African (Operation Torch) and Normandy landings (Operation Overlord).

ONT COMBATTU / FOUGHT
TUÉ AU COMBAT / KILLED IN ACTION

BRANT Elmer Joseph - Mohawk.

BLESSÉ / WOUNDED IN ACTION

 

MÉDAILLÉS / AWARD A MEDAL
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